The National Zero Waste Council Circular Economy Working Group, in collaboration with the British Columbia Ministry of Environment, commissioned circular economy case studies relevant to North America to understand opportunities for scaling circular economy business models in Canada. To showcase a range of business models at least one example of the five circular economy business models identified in the 2014 Accenture report,
Circular Advantage, are profiled. Product-as-a-service is a cornerstone circular business model so rather than one in-depth case study, several business snapshots showcase how product-as-a-service can be a successful business model across many sectors.
Circular Supplies: Provide renewable energy, bio based- or fully recyclable input material to replace single-lifecycle inputs
Resource Recovery: Recover useful resources/energy out of disposed products or by-products
Product Life Extension: Extend working lifecycle of products and components by repairing, upgrading and reselling
Sharing Platforms: Enable increased utilization rate of products by making possible shared use/access/ownership
Product as a Service*: Offer product access and retain ownership to internalise benefits of circular resource productivity
*Can be applied to product flows in any part of the value chain